The country of Ghana has a long and varied history, and was previously known as the Gold Coast Crown colony while it was under British rule in the nineteenth century, because of the gold reserves in the country. Much of the country actually remained entirely untouched by the influence of man until the eleventh century, until the eleventh century when several native tribes developed trading posts here based around the locations where they had found gold. However, much of the country is still in an almost untouched state, and this means that there are several wonderful natural areas worth visiting in Ghana.
Kakum National Park
Located a short distance inland from the south coast of Ghana is the Kakum National Park, which is an area of almost untouched tropical rainforest that is a great place to visit. As well as a network of maintained paths that give visitors a look at the park from below, there are also several canopy walkways that offer a view at the treetops of the forest, which is a great place to try and spot some of the birds in the forest. Species to be found here include meerkats, forest buffalo and pygmy elephants, and the forest is also home to over five hundred different species of butterfly, and plenty of birds too.
One of the greatest natural features to be found in Ghana is Lake Volta, the largest reservoir of fresh water by area in the world. The large Akosombo Dam is an impressive sight and uses the huge power of flowing water from the reservoir to provide electricity for Ghana and several other African countries in the region. Visitors can take a trip out on to the lake and there are also several other areas nearby worth exploring, with some great hills and mountain scenery to explore.
Located in the east of the country close to the border with Togo is Mount Afadjato, which is the highest peak in the country rising to 885 meters above sea level. The mountain is covered in a tropical forest that makes for a particularly interesting hike to the peak, and is a challenge that can be combined with the nearby mountain of Aduadu which is just over the border in Togo. Visitors to the Mount Afadjato area can also take a tour of the forest without making the journey to the peak, and this should be combined with a trip to the Tagbo Falls and the Wli Falls, which are both popular local sites.
Mole National Park
The Mole National Park is located in the north west of Ghana, and is a typical savannah region which has a steep cliff that marks out the southern border of the park. There is plenty of lush greenery found in the park, and it is home to a particularly wide range of different species, including elephants, hippos and buffalo. The park is also home to several species of monkey, and also has thriving population of birds, ranging from the storks and herons to the large birds of prey like marshal eagle and the white-headed vulture.